Guide to Emergency Lighting
Mr Electric are experts in Emergency lighting – EICR Testing and all electrical work in Kidderminster Bromsgrove Redditch and the wider West Midlands area
Emergency Lighting can be described as the ‘back-up’ lighting that kicks in when there’s a power cut to the mains supply which would otherwise plunge a building into darkness.
Emergency lighting must be properly designed, installed, maintained and tested by qualified electricians in order to meet regulations.
At Mr Electric Birmingham Testing, our expert engineers take the worry out of the whole process for you by ensuring that your systems are up to date, up to standard, well maintained and above all, provide the required level of safety for your employees and customers in the event of an emergency.
Who Requires Emergency Lighting?
Almost all commercial properties, including workplaces, retail, leisure and public buildings (and some domestic properties) need some form of emergency lighting and there are different requirements relating to different categories of building.
Risk assessments are usually necessary to determine which level of an emergency lighting system is needed.
Types of Emergency Lighting
You can break emergency lighting down into three main categories:
Emergency escape lighting
When people need to leave a building in an emergency and the power has gone out, such as in the event of a fire, emergency lighting covers all escape routes. The aim is to safely guide people to their nearest exit via lit escape routes.
Emergency safety lighting
This applies when power has failed, but it’s not an emergency situation. Emergency safety lighting is enough for people to remain in areas of a building while power is restored, but it’s not enough to carry on working.
This is back-up lighting that is activated during a power cut to a level that allows work to continue. This has to be 100% of the normal lighting as a standby measure.
Emergency Lighting Testing Procedures
All emergency lighting needs to be regularly tested by qualified electricians in accordance with safety standards. This is to ensure it is working correctly, compatible with fire safety systems and continues to meet regulations – for example, if you’ve redesigned or refurbished your premises, the chances are your emergency lighting systems will need to be altered accordingly.
Various tests are required daily, monthly and annually, including checks of individual luminaires and exit signs and of central battery systems.
What are the Emergency Lighting Rules and Regulations?
Rules and regulations around emergency lighting have toughened up in recent years and the legal obligations for installing emergency lighting systems now carry the same importance as fire alarm systems.
The relative legislation includes the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety Order), the Health and Safety at Work Act, Building Regulations and the EU Workplace Directive.
Emergency lighting regulation is covered by a variety of British Standards at each stage of the process, including general advice about the provision of emergency lighting (BS 5266-1:2016), the specified illumination (BS EN 1838: 2013), minimum requirements for the provision and testing of emergency lighting for different premises and various product standards (BE EN 50172:2004/BS 5265:2004).